This is the support that Russia already gave China before the First Five Year Plan. Many young people were ordered to relocate to the countryside. The plan was to double industrial output and increase agricultural output by 35 per cent in five years. 1. Private garden plots and the ownership of domestic animals were permitted again. There was little attention paid to quality. Mao Zedong (1893-1976) was both a product and a part of the revolutionary change in 20th-century China. One very extreme form of humiliation was when the people were force to stand with their backs bent and arms outstretched which was described as an "air-plane position. In 1921, he became a founder member of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and set up a branch in Hunan. Disclaimer: This is an example of a student written essay.Click here for sample essays written by our professional writers. Deng Xiao-Ping, as the Minister of Finance, played a major role in the drafting of China's First Five Year Plan. Mao vormde ruim 26 jaar het gezicht van de Volksrepubliek China. In 1972, US President Richard Nixon visited China and met Mao. Only the peasants could provide both the labor and the tax that was required by the economic development. Kao Kang was the chairman of the committee at the time. In 1955, Mao stated that full collectivization would have to be completed by the end of the First Five Year Plan and the industrial development depended on the full collectivization of agriculture. The forms of public humiliation grew more and more humiliating and complicated. In May of 1958, Liu Shaoqi announced the program for Mao. For example, running machines without oiling them, and not installing the machines on a level surface were some of the common mistakes made. "China was basically a land of individual peasant owner-cultivators. Which method shall we adopt? The first Five-Year Plan for the future of China was launched by Mao Zedong in 1953, in which the Soviet Union was held up as the model for development. He initially pursued these goals through a massive mobilization of the country's urban youths. Grain production could not match population increase. Chiang Kai-shek fled to the island of Taiwan. Some of Mao’s military reforms and land redistributions proved unpopular with other party officials in Jiangxi; he dealt … 1967), have all been published in English in Peking. People get paid according to their abilities. The Second Five Year Plan did not go at all as planned and China's state was not very good at the time. The Cultural Revolution The effort by Mao Zedong to completely reform Communist China by eliminating traditional values and capitalist power What are we At the time, China still owed Russia a great deal and China greatly needed an agricultural surplus in order to pay back the huge amount of debt it owed to the Soviet government. All work is written to order. Mao's response to the disappointing agricultural production was "a strategy of heightened production through moral incentives and mass mobilization under the direction of inspirational local party leaders." "(Meisner, 1999) The plan met its quotas well enough but it revealed the flaws in the Chinese economic system. The Chinese army grew stronger due to the modern weapons supplied by the Soviet Union. "(Meisner, 1999) This allowed the Chinese Communist Party to be able to develop a plan for the nation's economic development. After training as a teacher, he travelled to Beijing where he worked in the University Library. "(Spence, 1990) The communes were used to group collective farms combined with local towns into huge centralized systems. History "The Great Leap Forward launched in the name of strengthening the nation by summoning all the people's energies, had turned back on itself and ended by devouring its young. Numerous cultural artifacts were destroyed. Mao Zedong, the father of modern communist China was an important philosopher who gave Marxism its ideas its “Asiatic Form”. In 1911, the last Imperial Chinese dynasty fell, lea… Primary Sources Mao Zedong. Mao Zedong (Mao Tse-Tung), the son of a peasant farmer, was born in Chaochan, China, in 1893.He became a Marxist while working as a library assistant at Peking University and served in the revolutionary army during the 1911 Chinese Revolution.. Mao Zedong Born in every country is a leader, strategist, theorist, and a hero whose name will go down in history. (Meisner, 1999). A common slogan in the 1950s summed it up: “The Soviet Union’s today is our tomorrow.”At same time, however, one can detect within Mao’s policies and statements … He attempted to show the "joys" and "advantages" of being communist. The slaughtering of their animals at the time was called "wanton slaughter," and this reduced the animal population in large areas drastically.  © This resulted in a restatement of the aims of the economic program on December 10. Mao Zedong (Dec. 26, 1893–Sept. The workers were now paid for the work they did in place of being paid according to what they needed. He executed all that opposed his ideas. The plans started after the completion of the first phase of the land reform campaign. Even pigs at the time were starving; therefore they were allowed to roam. No plagiarism, guaranteed! For a brief period in the early 1960s, more pragmatic communist leaders like Liu Shaoqi ( pronounced Leo Sh-ao Chee ) and Deng Xiaoping , took control. This plan was inspired by the Soviet Five Year Plans by Joseph Stalin in Russia, which started in 1928. China's investment in industry rose along with the rise in national income in 1959, therefore grain exports to the Soviet Union also increased in order to pay for heavy machinery. Countless other committed suicide…"(Spence, 1990) The country was gripped with fear, excitement, tension, and euphoria which brought on violence. The amount of working hours was reduced while the amount of pay was increased. They both started incorporating more liberal economic policies, but Mao soon realized that the two officials were "abandoning socialist principles and betraying the Communist revolution of 1949. Unfortunately, in 1956, resistance against collectivization became evident. An agreement was concluded in Moscow where the Soviet was provided with "equipment and technical aid for the construction of 141 large-scale enterprises as contribution to the Chinese First Five Year Plan." "(Suite 101, para. Mao Zedong was afraid that Liu Shaoqi would overthrow him, and take over the CCP. "(Michael, 1977) Instead of an increase in production as was stated, there was actually a decline. Collaborations were arranged among peasant families in harvesting and planting crops. The Communists and KMT were again temporarily allied during eight years of war with Japan (1937-1945), but shortly after the end of World War Two, civil war broke out between them. Due to the lack of success from the Great Leap Forward, Mao stepped down from his leadership. There were food shortages which led to strict rationing and ultimately this lead to famines. It ranged from parading through the streets wearing a dunce cap, to wearing a placard around their neck. "(Winnington, 1986) The Great Leap Forward was Mao's attempt to free himself from Soviet control and to speed up the advance towards communism. He believed that this would be beneficial for the young people of China because they could learn proletarian values and the lifestyle. him 70% right and 30% wrong, which is to say that his. "It was not until a year later that the full catastrophe of Mao's utopian economic planning sank in. Manchuria had the greatest concentration of natural resources and due to it being a Japanese puppet state, it was the most industrialized area in China. In an attempt to re-assert his authority, Mao launched the 'Cultural Revolution' in 1966, aiming to purge the country of 'impure' elements and revive the revolutionary spirit. The purpose of Mao's Second Five Year Plan was still to increase industrial and agricultural output but it was not a very big success. Mao Zedong's policies to develop China. The Cultural Revolution spanned from May 1966 to October 1976(the death of Mao marking the end of it.) Read more. The Chinese initially received significant help from the Soviet Union, but relations soon began to cool. In the mid-1950s, Mao implemented a Soviet-style economic program, the First Five Year Plan, and set about collectivising peasant land into huge communes. One small-scale industrial development that was used were the "backyard steel furnaces." Mao's own writings, Selected Works (4 vols., 1961-1965), Selected Readings from the Works of Mao Tse-tung (1967), and Quotations from Chairman Mao (1966; 2d ed. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. It was during this time that he began to read Marxist literature. Production figures at the time were disappointing. 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