I won't bother. It would do Trotskyism no harm to pay attention to this lesson of October. He writes verbatim: “completely anticipate.” Comrade Trotsky makes no objection to this analogy, so evidently accepts it with thanks, But first of all, Comrade Trotsky’s letters “in no way resemble” Lenin’s letters, either in spirit or in their conclusions, for they fully reflect Comrade Trotsky’s anti-Bolshevist slogan: “No Tsar, but a Labour Government,” a slogan which means the revolution without the peasantry. 44 [Name Index], p. 607) WHO ARE TROTSKYITES? Stalinism (or Marxist-Leninism) and Trotskyism are both forms of Leninism, as they draw on the experiences of the Bolsheviks during the Russian Revolution. However, like most revisionist propaganda, the facts say something else. How does Comrade Trotsky estimate Leninism from the point of view of this fight? The double rule was unbearable for both sides. Source: The Errors of Trotskyism Despite their differences, Lenin and Trotsky managed to have a working relationship throughout Lenin's lifetime. Therefore, the theory of the division of Leninism in two parts is a theory of the destruction of Leninism, a theory of a replacement of Leninism by Trotskyism. Marxism–Leninism is a communist ideology and the main communist movement throughout the 20th century. These include the theory of permanent revolution, distrust of Leninism in matters of organisation, and its discrediting and defaming of the leaders of Bolshevism. ), from this point of view.”. Strong rumours are being spread among the members of the Party, that the C.C. Our Party is strong and powerful. Trotsky does not confine himself to this angry remark. 1. you will ask. On what is this angry remark against Leninism based? Trotskyists, claims itself to be the true Leninist theory. Comrade Trotsky is absolutely in the wrong when he maintains that Lenin under-estimated the legality of the Soviet, that Lenin had not understood the serious significance of the seizure of power by the All-Russian Soviet Congress on October 25th, that just for this reason Lenin had insisted on the seizure of power before October 25th. It seems, therefore, perfectly clear that the C.C. The Question of Bolshevism. It is hardly necessary to point out that this original scheme of the Party history is a scheme for the undermining of the unity between the old and the new cadres of our Party, a scheme for the destruction of the active Bolshevist Party. Stalin, 1879-1953, was able to meet and saw off this challenge, to the extent that Trotskyism became a marginal, exterior tendency in relation to the communist movement. In this whole period, the C.C. If Comrade Trotsky had not written his “history” of October according to Suchanov’s material, but on the basis of the actual documents, he could easily have convinced himself of the incorrectness of his assertion. Marxism vs Leninism . He stated that each of these stages morphed into the next stage when they were fully mature and through a process he called class struggle. Trotsky wanted a less absolute form or the state than Lenin. and the Petrograd committee, and is silent as to the leading part played by these organisations in the work of the revolution, putting himself in the foreground as its central figure, he himself, intentionally or unintentionally, promotes the spread of the rumour as to the special part played by him in the revolution. The desire for mass influence can make revolutionaries impatient with small socialist groups. There is, however, no doubt that this was the aim pursued by the Mensheviki and the social revolutionaries when they created the revolutionary parliament. declined Comrade Trotsky’s plan. The attack against Denikin failed. First of all, as to the October revolution. They were fully explained in the Minutes of the C.C. It now attacked Leninism and the Party's Leninist policy under the guise of attacking 'Stalinism' in the name of Leninism. Lenin made two important revisions of Marxist doctrine: 1) Marx claimed that history was marked by changed in the economic relationships of the classes, i.e. It is, well-known that Comrade Zinoviev, who Comrade Trotsky would like to turn into an “adherent of Hilferding” entirely shared Lenin’s point of view. Why did Comrade Trotsky need this unnecessary and in no way justified laying on of colour? Marxism-Leninism-Maoism puts considerable emphasis on the idea of communism as a science of revolution and, as a science, it must continually transform in order to get better at revolution. In post–Revolutionary Russia, Stalinism and Trotskyism were the principal philosophies of Communism that claimed legitimate ideological descent from Leninism; thus, within the Communist Party, each ideological faction denied the political legitimacy of the opposing faction. INSTITUTE OF MARXISM-LENINISM OF THE CENTRAL COMMITTEE OF THE CPSU AGAINST TROTSKYISM THE STRUGGLE OF LENIN AND THE CPSU AGAINST TROTSKYISM A Collection of Documents PROGRESS PUBLISHERS Moscow PUBLISHERS’ NOTE The works of Lenin (in their entirety or extracts) and the decisions adopted at congresses and conferences of the Bolshevik Party and at … The dethronement of Leninism is, however, necessary in order to represent Trotskyism as the “only proletarian” (no joke) ideology. It is as though the revolution had hidden its acts of aggression under the cloak of defence so as to attract all the more easily the undecided elements into its sphere of influence. The part of the history of our Party before October is in reality no history, but a “preliminary history,” an unimportant or at least only slightly important period of preparation for our Party. Lenin and Trotsky created a government structure that Marx had never outlined, they just created it from necessity. Stalinism : Most Marxists state that Stalinism is not a form of Marxism and has little to do with communism. We might, therefore, pass over these rumours, for indeed, many unfounded and silly rumours are manufactured in the studies of persons in opposition or not connected with the Party. Let us take the Minutes of the following meeting of the 16th of October. ; it expresses its full conviction that the C.C. During the 119 left riots and protests in the summer that killed 21 people, why was the word "MOB" never mentioned but today, MOB is used? Comrade Lenzner states that at this meeting there were two reporters, Kamenev and Trotsky. It “simply” affirms that the October revolution has fully confirmed the idea of the permanent revolution. Despite their differences, Lenin and Trotsky managed to have a working relationship throughout Lenin's lifetime. Leninism is an indivisible theory, which arose in the year 1903, has experienced three revolutions and now marches … Tr… It was now impossible to aim directly at the overthrow of the Government, for it was bound up with the Soviets which were under the influence of the social patriots, and the Party would have had to carry on an unbearable fight against both the Government and the Soviets. For this Comrade Trotsky’s literary attacks strain the question of Trotskyism to breaking point. No, this is no case of the study of October. This for the reason that it is weak. And now allow me to correct a slight inexactness which has crept into the report of the “editor” of Trotsky’s works, Comrade Lenzner, concerning the committee of the Bolshevist fraction which decided the question of the Preliminary Parliament. finds that for the following reasons an armed insurrection is on the agenda: the international situation of the Russian revolution (mutiny in the German navy, the increasing growth of the socialist world revolution in the whole of Europe, the fear that the imperialists would make peace in order to choke the revolution in Russia), the military situation (the unquestionable determination of the Russian bourgeoisie and of Kerensky and Co. to hand over Petrograd to the Germans), the conquest of a majority in the Soviets by the proletarian Party, all this in connection with the peasant insurrection and with the transference of the confidence of the masses of the people to our Party (elections in Moscow), finally the obvious preparations for the second Korniloviad (removal of the troops from Petrograd, transfer of Cossacks to Petrograd, the encircling of Minsk by Cossacks, etc.). The duties of the central committee consisted in directing all the practical organs of the insurrection in accordance with the instructions of the C.C. I think it worth while to quote a few examples. For what purpose did Comrade Trotsky need this more than strange legend about Lenin? Student … That is, the revolution must be exported to other, more industrialised countries, and that within Russia and, later, the Soviet Union, there must be a constant turnover of personnel in both party and government to prevent counter-revolutionary forces from seizing control of the revolution for their own ends. As a matter of fact there were four reporters: two for the boycott of the Preliminary Parliament (Trotsky and Stalin) and two for participation (Kamenev and Nogin). and calls upon all organisations and all workers and soldiers to support the armed insurrection in every way and with all intensity, and to support the central committee which has been appointed for this purpose by the C.C. Let us now pass on to the legend as to the special part played by Comrade Trotsky in the October revolution. 4:57. 2. 5 years ago | 2 views. Were there at that time differences of opinion in our Party? The resolution of the C.C. His place was taken by a new Commander in Chief, Comrade Kamenev. Transcription/Markup: Brian Reid Surely not to magnify the Party leader, V. I. Lenin? We must now give more attention to three questions: the questions of the participation in the “Preliminary Parliament,” of the part played by the Soviets in the insurrection and the time fixed for the insurrection. Deirdre Harms. It is indeed somewhat “strange” as Suchanov or Comrade Trotsky’s adherents would say. The same unpleasant affair “happened” with the permanent revolution, for none of the Bolsheviki thought of seizing power immediately on the day after the February revolution; Comrade Trotsky should have known that the Boleshviki, to quote Lenin’s words, would not allow him “to play with the seizure of power.” Trotsky had no alternative but to acknowledge the policy of the Bolsheviki in the question of the struggle for influence in the Soviets, the struggle for the conquest of the peasantry. Small groups which emphasise building among students are dismissed with a sneer. We must take it for granted that the entertaining speeches about our Party belong to the usual peculiarities of Comrade Trotsky. By the fact that Comrade Trotsky systematically neglects to mention the Party, the C.C. Listen to Comrade Trotsky: “Without serious and experienced military leaders, we shall not emerge from this chaos,” said I to Vladimir Ilyitch, every time that I visited the staff. But he gives us a picture not of but of some Chinese mandarin, who decides at random the most important questions in the silence of his study, as though he were illuminated by the Holy Spirit. Public Domain: Marxists Internet Archive (2007). But first of all, Comrade Trotsky exaggerates in an outrageous manner, and inflates the whole subject; for the Bolshevist Party has outlived these differences of opinion without being in the least shaken. Trotskyists are critical of Stalinism as they oppose Joseph Stalin's theory of socialism in one country in favor of Trotsky's theory of permanent revolution. Trotskyism was to become the primary theoretical target of Stalinism Lenin subsequently admitted that the line taken by the Sixth Party Session had been the right one. Hence the theory of the Trotskians as to the division of Leninism into two parts: the pre-war Leninism, the “old, worthless” Leninism with its idea of a dictatorship of the proletariat and the peasantry, and the new post-war Leninism of October, which they intend to adapt to the demands of Trotskyism. of October 10th and 16th. of the revolutionary military committee of the Petrograd Soviet; (e) the resolution of the Petrograd garrison regarding the system of the commissioners of the revolutionary military committee; (f) the formation of armed Bolshevist fighting forces and the arrest of members of the “Provisional Government”; (g) the seizure of power by the revolutionary military committee of the Petrograd Soviet and the formation of the Soviet of the People’s Commissioners by the Second Soviet Congress. But Leninism is no eclectical theory which is cemented together out of various elements and which permits of being divided. We need not waste any words in proving that the Party cannot reconcile itself to this strange theory. In practice this means the Marxian critique of Capitalism, Historical Materialism, and the concept of class struggle, plus the desire for a socialist society based on state ownership and workers' control, ultimately to a communist society in which the state will be rendered unnecessary. The fundamental facts of this period are: (a) the summoning of the Democratic Council and the collapse of the idea of a block with the cadets; (b) the going over of the Soviets of Moscow and Petrograd to the Bolsheviki; (c) the Soviet Congress of the Northern district and the resolution of the Petrograd Soviet against the transfer of troops; (d) the resolution of the C.C. His characterisation however, reveals no giant Lenin, but some kind of a blanquist dwarf, who advises the Party in the October days “to seize power with their own hands independently of the Soviet and behind its back.” I have already said that this characterisation does not contain a word of truth. The impression resulting is, that Lenin was the most bloodthirsty of all the bloodthirsty Bolsheviki. This is very clear in the early years of the revolutionary movement in Russia. Most of Stalin's economic policies were originally developed by Trotsky and the Left of the CPSU, at a time when Stalin was a supporter of the Right. Why did Comrade Trotsky need this glaring . What do Trotskyite groups hold in common? We need no reprisals now, but a developed battle of ideas against the resurrection of Trotskyism. It adopted the policy of a pressure of the Soviets on the Provisional Government in the question of peace, but did not at once make up its mind to take the further step from the old slogan of the dictatorship of the proletariat and the peasantry to the new slogan of all power to the Soviets. All this of course (yes, of course!) Why does Comrade Trotsky want to drag the Party hack to new discussions? It is evident from the Minutes, that the opponents of immediate revolt—Comrades Kamenev and Zinoviev, joined the organ for the political direction of the revolt, just as did those who were in favour of it. “The C.C. Marxism vs Leninism . Trotskyism, a Marxist ideology based on the theory of permanent revolution first expounded by Leon Trotsky (1879–1940), one of the leading theoreticians of the Russian Bolshevik Party and a leader in the Russian Revolution. In doing so I shall treat Trotskyism as a singular ideology which is quite irreconciliable with Leninism, and speak of the duties of the Party in connection with the recent literary undertakings of Comrade Trotsky. As for the third characteristic of Trotskyism (the mistrust of the Bolshevik leaders) it, of course, had to retire into the background in view of the obvious breakdown of the first two characteristics. chose a political central committee with the title of a political bureau, consisting of Lenin, Zinoviev, Stalin, Kamenev, Trotsky, Sokolnikov and Bubnov to lead the revolt. Who was a worse president: Trump or Obama? Trotskyism took as its point of departure the rejection of the Leninist doctrine of a new type of party. These Minutes immediately destroy several legends. There is not much difference between communism and Leninism. For this reason Comrade Trotsky’s long dissertations on the significance of the legality of the Soviets are certainly quite superfluous. 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