241 bce), who introduced a nondogmatic skepticism, and (3) the New Academy, founded by Carneades … Aristotle (384–322 BC) studied there for twenty years (367–347 BC) before founding his own school, the Lyceum. The Academy (Ancient Greek: Ἀκαδήμεια) was founded by Plato in ca. After a peace treaty between the Persian and the Byzantine Empire in 532 guaranteed their personal security (an early document in the history of freedom of religion), some members found sanctuary in the pagan stronghold of Harran, near Edessa. These scholars were engaged in the study and discussion of the works of Plato and his followers and of Platonic philosophy. 387 BC in Athens. Sextus Empiricus described five divisions of the followers of Plato. In the mid-fifteenth century, Gemistos Plethon introduced Plato to scholars in Florence, Italy. There was taught Plato ’ s philosophy until (410 AD) then it became the center of Neoplatonism. 387 BC in Athens. However, there cannot have actually been any geographical, institutional, economic or personal continuity with the original acade… The olive trees of Akademeia, according to Athenian fables, were reared from layers taken from the sacred olive in the Erechtheum, and from them came the oil given as a prize to victors at the Panathenean festival. Plato created the first university school, called "The Academy".Plato was a student of Socrates (who did not write) and the teacher of Aristotle, who founded another university, known as the Lyceum.Plato wrote about many ideas in philosophy that are still talked about today. The Academy was destroyed and razed to the ground. Cosimo de Medici became inspired to found a Platonic Academy in one of his villas in Careggi, and selected Marsilio Ficino, the son of his personal physician, as its first director. The students of the academy-in-exile, an authentic and important Neoplatonic school surviving at least until the tenth century, contributed to the Islamic preservation of Greek science and medicine, when Islamic forces took the area in the seventh century (Thiele). The Platonic Academy is usually contrasted with Aristotle's own creation, the Lyceum. 29.2, 30.2; Plut. Quaest. The last "Greek" philosophers of the revived academy in the sixth century were drawn from various parts of the Hellenistic cultural world and suggest the broad syncretism of the common culture (see koine): Five of the seven academy philosophers mentioned by Agathias were Syriac in their cultural origin: Hermias and Diogenes (both from Phoenicia), Isidorus of Gaza, Damascius of Syria, Iamblichus of Coele-Syria and perhaps even Simplicius of Cilicia himself (Thiele). The name Academia is frequently used in philosophical writings to refer to the followers of Plato. Ficino became tutor of the grandson of Cosimo de Medici, Lorenzo, and instilled in him a reverence for the ancient Greeks. The Academy was founded by Plato in ca. This term becomes both the term for Plato's school but also our word for academy and academic. The term academy derives from Academus or Hecademus, a mythical hero the garden was dedicated to. The road that led to the University was also lined with the gravestones of many Athenians, and funeral games took place there, along with a Dionysian procession from the city of Athens to the site and then back into the city. Diogenes Laertius, a biographer of ancient Greek philosophers, divided the operating history of the Academy into three periods; The Old, the Middle, and the New. Plato was the founder of the first Academy, Arcesilaus of the second, Carneades of the third, Philo and Charmides of the fourth, Antiochus of the fifth. It was never a formal group but the members considered themselves a modern form of Plato's Academy. The Academy persisted throughout the Hellenistic period as a skeptical school, until coming to an end after the death of Philo of Larissa in 83 BC. According to the sole witness, the historian Agathias, the remaining members of the academy sought protection under the rule of Sassanid king Khosrau I of Persia in his capital at Ctesiphon, carrying with them precious scrolls of literature and philosophy, and science. Since the Bronze Age it had sheltered a religious cult, perhaps associated with the hero-gods Dioscuri (Castor and Polydeukes); the hero Akademos associated with the site was credited with revealing to the Divine Twins where Theseus had hidden Helen. Early examples are the two academies founded at Andover and Phillips Exeter Academy. 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