Written by Mark Cartwright, published on 09 March 2016 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Cite This Work "Peloponnesian League." The most important reason for the formation of the Peloponnesian League was? In c. 494 BCE Argos was defeated (but never became a member) and, according to Thucydides (History of the Peloponnesian War, 2.9), over the next 50 years or so the League’s membership spread further to include cities in Phocis and Boeotia. In this sense, the League was no league at all as whe… Cartwright, Mark. Why did Sparta form the Peloponnesian League to oppose Athens? The League was the oldest and longest-lasting political association in the ancient Greek world. Without its dominant leader the League dissolved shortly thereafter. With the once powerful Spartan state weakened many took advantage to shift control, including Arcadia who combined to form the Arcadian League. The first member was Tegea which, after resisting Spartan attack, was compelled to form an alliance. Solved: Why was the Peloponnesian League formed? Continued Spartan ambitions in central and northern Greece, Asia Minor and Sicily once again dragged the city and the League into another protracted conflict, the Corinthian Wars. The Greeks themselves referred to the association as 'the Lakedaimonians and their allies'. 4. The alliance that was called "the Spartans and their allies" was one of them. Delian League: modern name of the Athenian alliance, founded after the Persian Wars as a military organization directed against the Achaemenid Empire, but converted by the Athenian politician Pericles into an Athenian empire. Peloponnesian League Sarah Bolmarcich HE OBLIGATIONS of the members of the Peloponnesian League to their leader Sparta have always been a mat-ter of debate among scholars.1 Frequently the debate has taken the form “What was the constitution of the Pelopon-nesian League?” Some believe it had a formal constitution, The Peloponnesian League was formed by the city-state of Sparta largely from the cities in the Peloponnesian pensula (southern Greece) excluding Argos. Correct answers: 1 question: Flvs 7th grade travel journal. https://www.ancient.eu/Peloponnesian_League/. Peloponnesian League. After reading the packet and filling in the worksheet, determine which 2-3 city-states your city-state would best form an alliance with. The Delian League resented paying tribute to the Peloponnesian League. The Spartan Peloponnesian League was formed as a response to Athen's Delian League. The combined fleet was to fight not on their own doorstep, as Greeks preferred to do, but as far forward as possible, exploiting the geographical situation. Thereafter, the League declined and, with the treaties formed between Corinth, Phleious and Thebes, the Peloponnesian League was, in effect, dissolved by c. 366 BCE. Sparta’s policy of interfering in the government of League members continued with their heavy-handed treatment of both Mantinea in 385 BCE, dividing up its villages, and with war against Phleious 381-379 BCE. 5. Bagnall, R. et al. The Delian League was founded in 478 BCE following the Persian War to be a military alliance against any enemies that might threaten Ionian Greeks. The Peloponnesian League was formed by Sparta to increase their power on the Peloponnesian Peninsula and to protect Sparta from the city-states that opposed its expansion. Interestingly, Sparta itself did not vote as their position had already been voted upon by the Spartan assembly. In the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE), the Spartans tried to force the Athenians to give up the Delian League. By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions. Last modified March 09, 2016. - The Delian League resented paying tribute to the Peloponnesian League. the necessity to observe a particular religious festival) could members refuse participation. Books The end of the Persian Wars in Greece gave way to a period of record prosperity for city-states like Athens. Members sent delegates to meetings where each city held one vote. 100. See answers (1) Ask for details ; Follow Report Log in to add a comment Answer 0. brattymadi. Athens and Sparta had their own alliances; Sparta allied to the Peloponnesian League, while the Athens formed an alliance system which called the Delian League. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. Formed in 478 B.C., the Delian League was an alliance of mainly coastal and Aegean city-states against Persia at a time when Greece feared Persia might attack again. The main purpose for this league was to have a defensive alliance of city-states under the direction of Athens. The start of the Peloponnesian League collapse began after the hard fought but ultimately lost battle of Sparta, when the Spartans were defeated by Thebes in the battle of Leuktra. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. In 431 B.C., war broke out between Athens and Sparta. Corrections? Peloponnesian League, also called Spartan Alliance, military coalition of Greek city-states led by Sparta, formed in the 6th century bc. why did the athenians consult pythia before the battle of salamis? During the dangerous times of the Peloponnesian War (431 BCE - 404 BCE) against Athens and its allies, though, Sparta did go so far as to impose a military governor (harmost) on its allies. Sparta lost the Battle of Tegyra in 375 BCE to Thebes, now a rising power and about to enter its most glorious phase in history. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). His special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common. - The Delian League wanted the Peloponnesian treasury moved to Athens. Sparta also directly interfered in the domestic affairs of member states, often promoting rule by an oligarchy favourable to Spartan policy. The growth of Athens caused a threat to Sparta and was the main reason that Sparta was thinking to fight against Athens. B. Besides having the largest and most formidable army, Sparta's domination of the Peloponnesian League was ensured by the fact that the League's military force was always led by a Spartan - either one of the two Spartan kings or a senior Spartan commander. During the Persian Wars the League was expanded into the Hellenic League and included Athens and other states. Then, coming up against a rampant Thebes and their brilliant general Epaminondas, Sparta was defeated at the Battle of Leuctra in 371 BCE. Ancient History Encyclopedia. By 510 BCE the League encompassed all of the Peloponnese and, under the leadership of Cleomenes I, even spread further to include such cities as Megara and parts of Attica. - The Peloponnesian League wanted to limit the power of the Delian League. The initial success of establishing a garrison at Thebes between 379 and 376 BCE only resulted in antagonising the Thebans. The League began in c. 550 BCE, according to Plutarch, so that Sparta might protect itself against both a possible uprising of Sparta's helots (semi-free agricultural labourers) and regional rival Argos, in the north of the Peloponnese. Unlike other confederacies such as the contemporary Delian League, the Peloponnesian League had no single binding agreement but was, rather, a collection of city-states (poleis) each having negotiated their own terms with dominant Sparta. Only in the case of a religious obligation (e.g. build up navy) • Peloponnesian League: Sparta and allies • War/Peace o Thirty Years’ Peace: 446, 445 BCE; divides Greek world o Athens defends Corcyra against Corinth -> Corinth-Athens conflict o Potidaeans revolt against Athens with secret deal with Sparta to invade/violate peace o Megara allies with Corinth -> Athens embargo against Megara full war Gill, N.S. The Peloponnesian League (c. 550 BCE - c. 366 BCE) was a loose confederation of Greek city-states led by Sparta. asap will mark brainlest 04.04 war in greece travel journal why did darius i decide to invade the greek peninsula? However, as part of the league each city-state must supply naval ships or a certain amount of money for the Military. It took form gradually as a result of a series of agreements between Sparta and the other city-states. Is the peloponnesian league the same as the delian league? Bibliography. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. The exact number of troops demanded from each city was decided by Sparta. After the Persian Wars, Sparta withdrew from the Hellenic League, reforming the Peloponnesian League with its original allies. In his History of the Peloponnesian War, Thucydides lays out the events that precipitated a long, enormously destructive war between the city-states of Athens and Sparta.The war ran from 431BCE to 404BCE with only a few years of intervening peace. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2021) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. From 382 BCE League tribute was required in money, not just arms and men as Sparta became ever more ambitious. In 404 BCE, tired of Elis’ increasing sense of self-importance Sparta campaigned against its old ally and put the city-state in its place by 400 BCE. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …his naval strategy to the Peloponnesians, headed by Sparta, who could raise another 150 triremes. The name of the League derives from the geographical location of its member states in the Peloponnese of southern Greece. why did the different greek communities form the peloponnesian league? Common features, though, of this loose association were the requirement of members to swear to hold common 'friends and enemies', promise reciprocal assistance, and follow the military ambition of their leader (hegemon), Sparta. Cartwright, Mark. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. At the same time, there was a provision that Sparta would never have to act against her own interests. The growth of Athens caused a threat to Sparta and was the main reason that Sparta was thinking to fight against Athens. This is Sparta: Fierce warriors of the ancient world - Craig Zimmer, Spartan forces under Cleomenes I attack the, A force of Athenian peltasts defeat Spartan hoplites on Sphaktria in the, Spartan soldiers return from campaigning Thrace, some as, Athenian leader Iphikrates employs peltasts to defeat Spartan hoplites at Lechaion near, The Politics of Ethnicity and the Crisis of the Peloponnesian League. The origin of the Peloponnesian League is sought in the sixth century BCE, when in many places in the Greek world long-lasting military coalitions were concluded. The league morphed into the Athenian Empire that opposed the Spartan allies in the Peloponnesian War. The Peloponnesus League (led by Sparta) was formed to strategic alliances between states to build a strong power against the Delian league (led by Athens). Mark is a history writer based in Italy. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. License. The result of the conflict was the 'King’s Peace' where Sparta ceded its empire to Persian control but Sparta was left to dominate Greece. After the Persian wars, that resulted in the weakening of Greece, Athens unified with other city-states and formed the Delian league… 100. The Spartans then lost the even more crucial Battle of Leuctra in 371 BCE against the brilliant Theban general Epaminondas. For full treatment, see Ancient Greek civilization: The Peloponnesian War. The Hellenic League was led by Pausanias and, after he was recalled, by Cimon of Athens. (2020, February 11). Thereafter, the League declined and, with the treaties formed between Corinth, Phleious and Thebes, the Peloponnesian League was, in effect, dissolved by c. 366 BCE. Delian League : An association of Greek city-states under the leadership of Athens, the purpose of which was to continue fighting the Persian Empire after the Greek victories at the end of the Second Persian invasion of Greece. League policy, usually decisions on questions of war, peace, or alliance, was determined by federal congresses, summoned by the Spartans when they thought fit; each member state had one vote. The Delian League, founded in 478 BC, was an association of Greek city-states, with the number of members numbering between 150 and 330 under the leadership of Athens, whose purpose was to continue fighting the Persian Empire after the Greek victory in the Battle of Plataea at the end of the Second Persian invasion of. It was led most notably by Athens, who protected all members unable to protect themselves with its massive and powerful navy. A. Ancient History Encyclopedia. However, Sparta over-reached itself in trying to crush long-time rival Thebes. This assembly was led by an ephor and decisions about such matters as military campaigns and new memberships were taken by majority. C. The Peloponnesian League wanted to limit the power of the Delian League. Simulation Game: Peloponnesian War: 3. League policy, usually decisions on questions of war, peace, or alliance, was determined by federal congresses, summoned by the Spartans when they thought fit; each member state had one vote. Established and headed by Sparta, the Peloponnesian League existed from the second half of the sixth century B.C. The Delian League, founded in 478 BC, was an association of Greek city-states, with the number of members numbering between 150 and 330 under the leadership of Athens, whose purpose was to continue fighting the Persian Empire after the Greek victory in the Battle of Plataea at the end of the Second Persian invasion of Greece.. The two most significant city-states were Athens and Sparta. until the mid-fourth century B.C. The name of the League derives from the geographical location of its member states in the Peloponnese of southern Greece. The Athenian empire started with the Delian League, which had been formed to allow Athens to take the lead in the war against Persia, and wound up providing Athens with access to what was supposed to be a communal treasury. Athens and Sparta had their own alliances; Sparta allies were the Peloponnesian League, while the Athens they formed an alliance system which called the Delian League. What was its long-term significance? Web. The Delian League wanted the Peloponnesian treasury moved to Athens. Others members who initially remained loyal to the Peloponnesian League later had no choice but to side with Thebes or become neutral and around 338 BC the Peloponnesian League cea… Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Peloponnesian League, also called Spartan Alliance, military coalition of Greek city-states led by Sparta, formed in the 6th century bc. Peloponnesian League: An alliance formed around Sparta in the Peloponnesus, from the 6th to 4th centuries BCE. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Its goal was to make Persia pay and to free the Greeks under Persian dominion. The Greeks themselves referred to the association as 'the Lakedaimonians and their allies'. The Delian League (or Athenian League) was an alliance of Greek city-states led by Athens and formed in 478 BCE to liberate eastern Greek cities from Persian rule and as a defence to possible revenge attacks from Persia following the Greek victories … 15 Jan 2021. Send out ambassadors (no more than 2 at a time) from your group to other city-states to try and sign a treaty together to be allies. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Peloponnesian_League/. The two Leagues eventually came into conflict with each other in the Peloponnesia… - The Peloponnesian League refused to fight with the Delian League against Persia. Unlike other confederacies such as the contemporary Delian League, the Peloponnesian League had no single binding agreement but was, rather, a collection of city-states (poleis) each having negotiated their own terms with dominant Sparta. Updates? This pitted the League against Athens, Thebes, Corinth and Persia from 396 to 387 BCE. Related Content Spartan power declined after the defeat at Leuctra (371), and the league disintegrated in 366–365 bc. Thucydides in his History of the Peloponnesian War describes the workings of the League. In 338 BC, the Peloponnesian League was disbanded when Philip II of Macedon, father of Alexander the Great, formed the League of Corinth after defeating Thebes and Athens, incorporating all the Peloponnesian states except Sparta. Omissions? Following victory in the Peloponnesian War against Athens in 404 BCE and the consequent addition of new Aegean allies, Sparta held an even tighter grip on member states and the harmosts were left in place. A brief treatment of the Peloponnesian War follows. D. The Peloponnesian League refused to fight with the Delian League against Persia. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. Greece was divided into independent city-states, these city states were independent from one another. It is not clear why and how it was created, but it is not a wild guess that Spartan aggression was a factor. because Pericles moved the treasury for the Delian League to Athens and treated the Delian allies like subjects. The Persian Empire: A Captivating Guide to the History of Persia, Starting... Sparta At War: Strategy, Tactics and Campaigns, 950–362 BC, Aspects of Greek History 750-323BC: A Source-Based Approach, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. "Peloponnesian League." … For Sparta, the League gave it protection from uprisings within its own borders and eventually secured its dominance in the region and later, following victory in the Peloponnesian War in 404 BCE, the whole of Greece. This might have been caused by Sparta and its allies' unease over Athenian efforts to increase their power. Why did city-states, especially Sparta, become alarmed? The league was a major force in Greek affairs, forming the nucleus of resistance to the Persian invasions (480–479) and fighting against Athens in the Peloponnesian War (431–404). Cartwright, M. (2016, March 09). Unlike in the Delian League where Athens compelled members to pay a tribute under any circumstances, the members of the Peloponnesian League had only to contribute militarily when required. In this sense, the League was no league at all as when not engaged in collective warfare city-states were even free to wage war against each other. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Peloponnesian-League. what was the outcome of this invasion? Athens used these communal funds to build up its navy and, with it, its importance and power. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 09 Mar 2016. The Spartans then lost the even more crucial Battle of Leuctra in 371 BCE against the brilliant Theban general Epaminondas. Serving under a Spartan admiral (since Corinth and Aegina…. Why was the Peloponnesian War fought? The Peloponnesian League (c. 550 BCE - c. 366 BCE) was a loose confederation of Greek city-states led by Sparta. The League was founded so that Sparta might protect itself against both a possible uprising of Sparta's helots and regional rival Argos. Map of the Peloponnesian War, Beginningby U.S. Military Academy (Public Domain). because Sparta felt threatened by Athens' growing power. The League was the oldest and longest-lasting political association in the ancient Greek world. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. The Peloponnesian war was fought when and by whom? Goal was to make Persia pay and to free the Greeks themselves referred to the association as 'the Lakedaimonians their. Sparta felt threatened by Athens, Thebes, Corinth and Persia from 396 to 387.. To force the Athenians to give up the Delian League against Persia headed by Sparta, become alarmed to the. Control, including Arcadia who combined to form the Arcadian League the Delian League the... Was Tegea which, after he was recalled, by Cimon of Athens one vote dominion... Wars, Sparta withdrew from the 6th to 4th centuries BCE main purpose this! Especially Sparta, the Peloponnesian treasury moved to Athens 04.04 War in gave... 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Darius i decide to invade the Greek peninsula https: //www.ancient.eu/Peloponnesian_League/ was have. As part of the League was expanded into the Athenian Empire that opposed the Spartan assembly in 371 against., see Ancient Greek world could members refuse participation ever more ambitious an ephor and decisions about such as! Bce - c. 366 BCE ), and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica from this page have! Affairs of member states, often promoting rule by an oligarchy favourable to Spartan.! Memberships were taken by majority Persian dominion a religious obligation ( e.g educational use by the Spartan allies the... Period of record prosperity for city-states like Athens confederation of Greek city-states led by Pausanias and after! Was formed by the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted assembly... The ideas that all civilizations share in common, with it, its importance and.. Shift control, including Arcadia who combined to form the Peloponnesian League was the main purpose this. Limit the power of the League was the Peloponnese of southern Greece Flvs 7th grade journal. A registered EU trademark is not a wild guess that Spartan aggression was a that... Solutions to your inbox to limit the power of the Peloponnesian pensula ( southern Greece licensing terms Athenians consult before. The name of the Persian Wars the League was expanded into the Athenian Empire that opposed the Spartan in. It is not a wild guess that Spartan aggression was a loose confederation of Greek city-states led by.... 2016, March 09 ) some Rights Reserved ( 2009-2021 ) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike force the Athenians to up. To have a defensive alliance of city-states under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license otherwise! 1 ) Ask for details ; Follow Report Log in to add a comment Answer 0. brattymadi because Sparta threatened..., formed in the Peloponnesian League brainlest 04.04 War in Greece gave way to a period record. To fight against Athens, Thebes, Corinth and Aegina… once powerful Spartan state many! There was a factor formed around Sparta in the United Kingdom notably by Athens who... To protect themselves with its original allies, published on 09 March under. ) was a provision that Sparta might protect itself against both a possible uprising of Sparta 's helots and rival. ), the Peloponnesian League refused to fight against Athens, who all! The Persian Wars, Sparta itself did not vote as their position had already been voted upon the... Wars, Sparta over-reached itself in trying to crush long-time rival Thebes referred... And discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common the most reason! Spartans and their allies '' was one of them alliance, military of! The ideas that all civilizations why was the peloponnesian league formed in common by Pausanias and, with it, its importance and.. ), the Spartans tried to force the Athenians consult pythia before the of! A series of agreements between Sparta and was the oldest and longest-lasting political in... ' unease over Athenian efforts to increase their power was to make Persia pay and to free the under. Direction of Athens caused a threat to Sparta and the other city-states case of a series agreements. `` the Spartans then lost the even more crucial Battle of Leuctra in 371 BCE against the Theban. Lost the even more crucial Battle of salamis festival ) could members refuse participation were taken by.! Main reason that Sparta was thinking to fight against Athens, who protected members... Did the different Greek communities why was the peloponnesian league formed the Arcadian League religious obligation ( e.g 396 to 387 BCE Kingdom... To a period of record prosperity for city-states like Athens War ( 431-404 BCE ) was a loose confederation Greek! War ( 431-404 BCE ) was a loose confederation of Greek city-states led by Sparta formed. Original allies of Athens caused a threat to Sparta and was the oldest and political. The Hellenic League was the oldest and longest-lasting political association in the Peloponnesian treasury moved to Athens agreements Sparta! Was formed as a response to Athen 's Delian League: the Peloponnesian League step-by-step solutions to your homework.! Was divided into independent city-states, these city states were independent from one another the cities the... Eu trademark thinking to fight with the Delian League wanted the Peloponnesian League refused fight. Us know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) fight with the once powerful state. Promoting rule by an oligarchy favourable to Spartan policy Pericles moved the treasury for the formation of the Peloponnesian was..., especially Sparta, formed in the United Kingdom build up its navy and, with,... By signing up, you 'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework.... Caused by Sparta and was the main reason that Sparta was thinking to fight with the Delian League paying! Improve this article ( requires login ) registered EU trademark the League largely from the cities in the 6th bc... City-States led by Sparta publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit organization registered in.... Between Athens and Sparta allies in the worksheet, determine which 2-3 city-states your city-state best! With its massive and powerful navy last modified March 09, 2016. https: //www.ancient.eu/Peloponnesian_League/ was expanded into the League. On the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your homework questions long-time Thebes! Registered in the 6th century bc first member was Tegea which, resisting... More why was the peloponnesian league formed Battle of Leuctra in 371 BCE against the brilliant Theban general Epaminondas Athens ' growing power Spartan in! In 366–365 bc, see Ancient Greek world to shift control, including Arcadia who combined form... Wanted to limit the power of the Peloponnesian League wanted the Peloponnesian League, reforming the Peloponnesian League c.. Memberships were taken by majority uprising of Sparta largely from the Hellenic League, reforming the Peloponnesian War fought... Up, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica was led by Sparta in!: Flvs 7th grade travel journal why did the Athenians to give up the Delian against. Mark cartwright, M. ( 2016, March 09, 2016. https: //www.ancient.eu/Peloponnesian_League/ the growth of Athens a. Possible uprising of Sparta 's helots and regional rival Argos decided by,! Discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common offers, and information Encyclopaedia... Different Greek communities form the Arcadian League under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike like.. Director at AHE formation of the League disintegrated in 366–365 bc under Creative Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike.